Welding Wire

How to Choose the Flux-Core Aluminum Welding Wire

Choose Flux-Core Aluminum Welding Wire

The flux-core welding wire is widely used in various industries for welding such as the construction industry, general fabrication, offshore, and shipbuilding. Flux-core welding is the welding wire that is used in proportion to a flux-cored welding gun and melted down for welding to join the two pieces of metal together. These flux-core welding wires are used very commonly in welding because of their features such as high stability in windy climates, high weld quality and finish, high deposition rate, high performance, best for most welding positions, and suitable for both indoor and outdoor conditions. These features and characteristics make the welding wire unique and popular among users. Let us talk more about flux-core welding wire.

Types of Flux-Core Welding Wire

These wires must be used or suitable for various base materials that include low alloy steel, nickel alloy, stainless steel, and mild steel. The wires are available in 70 KSI tensile strength for the welding of mild steel and steel welding which favours welders to buy Flux-Core Welding Wire. Also, 80 to 120 KSI or higher are available for the welding of high-strength, low-alloy steel. Two types of welding wire include:

Self-Shielded Flux-Core wires:

When the arc is initiated these wires produce their own shielding gas and eliminate the use of an external gas cylinder which makes them capable of use in portable and remote applications. These wires do not require gas tanks so it is easy for welders to carry them easily at outdoor activities. They produce higher levels of spatter and smoke as compared to gas-shielded flux-cored wires.

Gas-Shielded Flux-Core wires:

These welding wires are suitable for welding that requires joint penetration. The wire needs an additional external shielding gas whether it is 100 % CO2 or a blended mixture of argon and carbon dioxide. As they have the tendency to have higher operator appeal means it is easy to use, control, and to produce a pleasing weld. FCAW-G wires have the ability or have a barrier to protect the weld pool, as the reason the shielding gas does not blow away. They can be used instead of solid wire to increase productivity through a higher deposition rate. Especially in out-of-position applications, welders can add more weld metal to a joint and consume less time. 

Grades Of Flux-Core Welding Wire

There are many grades of this welding wire but most of the popular and mostly used grades of flux-core welding wires are as follows:

ER71-TS Flux Core Welding Wire:

This welding wire has lower spatter and fume emissions. This wire is widely used for single and multiple-pass welding of certain low-alloy steels and carbon in all positions, but particularly it is used in overhead and vertical up positions which is easy for welders which is why they prefer to buy ER71-TS Flux Core Welding Wire. It has a mixture of argon and carbon dioxide which is mainly used for improving the usability in out-of-position applications. They are basically designed for multiple-pass welding and single-pass welding. They are primarily used in the sectors where the minimum tensile strength is required of 70000 psi in deposited weld metal.  

ER70S-3 Flux Core Welding Wire:

It is manganese deoxidized and silicon wire which is used for general-purpose fabrication, low alloy steel, and mild steel. A well-balanced manganese deoxidized and silicon allows wires to be used with an argon-oxygen mixture, carbon dioxide, or with both mixtures. These wires are designed to be used for short-circuiting arcs, spray transfer arc processes, and buried arcs. They produce better welds on killed and semi-killed steels, and excellent welds on rimmed steels. These wires have the property of slag-free deposit which does not require cleaning and also provides a good bead appearance, welder satisfaction, and low plate preparation costs.

ER70S-6 Flux Core Welding Wire:

ER70S-6 Flux Core Welding Wire is also known as MIG/MAG welding wire and considered as best flux core welding wire. it is a kind of carbon steel shielded welding wire. While welding the speed of melting the welding wire is very fast. These wires provide a stable arc, good bead appearance, and low spatters. It has the property of good corrosion resistance on the surface of the base material. It has a good feature of welding in all positions. The probability of blowhole formation has decreased. The wire is used for welding all kinds of 500MPa structural steel parts and plates and pipers.

E71T-GS Flux Core Welding Wire:

The wire is designed to weld carbon steel, it has the properties of all position welding and single-pass welding. The property that makes this wire unique as compared to other products is that the welder does not need or use a shielding gas. It has full slag coverage, easy slag removal, low spatter, and produces smooth arc action. The bead of this wire is not as equal to a gas-shielded product but the benefits of not using gas make it popular among other products. this wire is used in various applications such as Farm implement repairs, Repair of automobile sheet metal, Prefab building fabrication, Lap, and butt welds on galvanized sheet metal, Tanks, and Joining of galvanized roofing sheet metal, and at lower prices.

E70S6 Flux Core Welding Wire:

This wire contains a larger amount of silicon and manganese than the ER70S-2 welding wire. It produces high-quality welds while working on dirty, oily, and rusty steel which is very effective in welding that is why welders buy E70S6 Flux Core Welding Wire The increased content of silicon provides fluidity of the weld pool and creates a smooth bead appearance which results in minimal post-weld grinding. The wire has features of having Excellent feed ability, Smooth weld beads with a uniform tie-in, Excellent wetting characteristics, Best choice for moderate rust and mill-scale, and High in deoxidizers.


In the above text, we have seen about the Flux-core welding wire and discussed about their types and their grades in brief. There are many choices for Flux-cored arc welding, welders have to choose an appropriate type and diameter for the welding based on their work.