Types Of Electrode Rods- 6010 vs 6011 vs 6013 Electrode Rods

Electrode Rods-6010 Vs 6011 Vs 6013

Electrode rods play a crucial role within the field of welding, serving as filler material providers. Among the various electrode rods, the difference between 6010, 6011, and 6013 rods are discussed in detail. These electrode rods are widely used in commercial projects. While those rods share few similarities, they have wonderful characteristics that lead them to be appropriate for specific programs. This blog targets to offer a comprehensive knowledge of those electrode rods and highlight their variations.

Overview of 6010, 6011, and 6013 Electrode Rods

a). The 6010 electrode rod is known for its rapid-freezing property, taking into consideration the quick solidification of the deposited molten metal. It is usually utilized in overhead and vertical-up welding positions.

b). Similarly, the 6011 electrode rod gives brief freezing and is used while a low-silicon deposit is needed. It also gives versatility in overhead and vertical-up positions.

c). On the opposite hand, the 6013 electrode rod is right for minimal spatter and easy welding, providing a better look. It is appropriate for welding low alloy steels, slight steels, and galvanized steels.

Applications of 6010, 6011, and 6013 Electrode Rods

There are many types of Electrodes but in this blog we will discussed about on 6010, 6011 and 6013 Electrode Rods:

a). The 6010 electrode rod finds applications in pipeline welding root welds because it forms minimum slag. It is beneficial for welding galvanized, unclean, and painted surfaces, making it appropriate for general fabrication and shipbuilding.

b). The 6011 electrode rod is typically used for general-purpose welding, including slight steels, low alloy steels, and galvanized steels. It is extensively utilized in automotive industry repairs and creation projects.

c). The 6013 electrode rod is used for welding metal sheets due to its clean welds with medium penetration. It is also suitable for welding system parts and multi-pass welds. Basically for construction and fabrication work.

Comparing 6010, 6011, and 6013 Electrode Rods

These all electrode rods are basically for the commercial purpose but here we will compare all these electrode rods for knowing the difference between them:

a). Current
The current used by the 6010 electrode rod is DC+. The 6011 electrode rod uses both DC+ and AC currents. On the other hand, The 6013 rod is compatible with DC+, DC-, and AC currents.

b). Penetration
Both the 6010 and 6011 rods provide deep penetration, whereas the 6013 rod offers shallow penetration.

c). Friendliness
In the case of user-friendliness, the 6013 electrode is the best choice. On the other hand, the 6011 electrode is better than the 6010 variant in terms of user-friendliness.

d). Storage
The 6010 and 6011 rods are easy to store, while the 6013 rod is more challenging to store.

e). Metal Type
The 6010 electrode rod is useful for welding painted and rusted metal. But for dirty and rusted metal surfaces, professionals can go for the 6011 option. However, the 6013 electrode does not fit on these surfaces.

f). Spatter
The spatter produced by the 6011 welding rod is flaky and thin. The 6010 rod produces a slightly thin spatter, and the 6013 rod offers minimal spatter.

g). Flux Coating
Flux coating is a common feature of the electrode rods. A cellulose sodium flux coating is used for both 6010 and 6011 electrode sticks. The 6013 electrode has a rutile potassium flux coating.

h). Precision
In terms of accuracy, the 6010 and 6011 electrodes offer more precision when dealing with dirty metals. However, more skill is required when using both of them. The 6013 electrode, on the other hand, is good when dealing with shallow rusted surfaces.
The 6011 and 6010 rods provide erratic and tight arcs, while the 6013 rod offers a smooth arc.

i). Availability
The 6011 welding electrode is available in almost all online shops and hardware stores. It is slightly difficult to find the 6010 and 6013 electrode variant.

j). Tensile Strength
Tensile strength is the ability to resist breaking under tension. The 6010, 6013, and 6011 welding rods offer the same tensile strength, that is 60,000 psi.

k). Applications
The 6010 variant is generally used in the fabrication process. Welders can use the 6011 electrode for repairing and fabrication purposes. The 6013 rod is ideal for lighter fabrication and repairs.


Here, we have discussed the uses and differences among the 6010, 6011, and 6013 electrode rods. These all are commonly sought after by welding professionals from different industries. Some of their characteristics are similar. Welders may choose these rods based on characteristics like availability, ease of use, etc.
One should consider taking precautions when using them in the welding operation. Concerns must be reported regarding the quality of the electrode being used. Gears such as boots, aprons, welding glasses, and gloves should not be ignored. Gases and fumes emitted are hazardous. Therefore, adequate ventilation is also necessary.